SOCIAL SKILLS

  

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WHAT IS SOCIAL SKILL? 

Social skill is nothing but a form of competence that consequences interaction and communication where social normative patterns are created and intertwined as it’s reciprocated and with the reciprocation, changes occur in terms of verbal and nonverbal way. Through the process of socialisation, this skill can be possessed by anyone and lack of skill can consequence in social awkwardness. Thus social skill facilitates communication, learning, asking for assistance or help thereby get along with others, and with all these traits healthy relationship accompanying protection for themselves and harmonious interaction with the society can be well-knitted. By possessing social skills an individual comprises of special character traits such as trustworthiness, respectfulness, responsibility, fairness, caring, citizenship accompanied by the development of allowance for making good choices in thinking and behaviour which results in social competence. Interpersonal skills are nothing engages and facilitate with interaction which is related to several categorical division such as dominance vs. submission, affiliation vs. Aggression, love vs. hate, control vs. autonomy.(Leary,1957) .Positive interpersonal skills involve factors like active listening, persuasion delegation, stewardship, and social psychology is dealing with research work related to social skills accompanied by study reports which reflect upon how skills are learned by individuals through attitude change, behavior, and thought process. Social skills being goal-oriented includes main goals and sub-goals.

  • Several significant social skills identified and reflected by the Employment and Training Administration are hereby noted below such as 

  • 1.COORDINATION 



  • 2.NEGOTIATION 

  • 3.PERSUASION 

  • 4.SERVICE ORIENTATION 

  • 5.SOCIAL PERCEPTIVENESS

  • 6.MENTORING


TYPES OF SOCIAL SKILLS 

  • BASIC COMMUNICATION SKILLS 

  • EMPATHY AND RAPPORT SKILLS 

  • INTERPERSONAL SKILLS 



  • PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS 

  • ACCOUNTABILITY 

Behaviourists' opine social skills being learned behaviours facilitates individuals to attain social reinforcement. Schneider & Byrne (1985) showed in his study that Operant Conditioning has a greater Impact size followed by modelling, coaching as well as social cognitive senses.

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CAUSES OF DEFICITS Social skill deficits also create discouragement in children who are suffering from behavioural challenges in response to ideal adjustment In 1998 Gresham categorised deficits in social skills such as 

  • ALCOHOL MISUSE 

  •  ADHD AND HYPERKINETIC DISORDER 

  • AUTISM 



  • ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION 

  • ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS 

  • Development of social skills is about being conscious of the mechanism of one’s communication with other people. The messages or information that individuals deliver and in what way methods of communication can be improvised in order to make the communication process more effective and smooth with greater impact.

Advantages of well-developed social skills 

  • BETTER RELATIONSHIPS 

  • BETTER COMMUNICATION 

  • GREATER EFFICIENCY 

  • ADVANCED CAREER PROSPECTS 



  • INCREASE IN OVERALL HAPPINESS 

IMPORTANCE OF ACQUIRING SOCIAL SKILLS 

  • PROVIDING INDIVIDUAL’S OWN PERSPECTIVE FOR OTHER’S BENEFIT 



  • GAINING IDEAS, MECHANISMS, AND INFORMATION THUS PERSPECTIVE FROM THE PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT REGIONS AND EXPERTISE 

  • WORKING AS A TEAM TOWARDS SHARED GOALS 

  • IN DIFFICULT TIMES PROVIDING MUTUAL SUPPORT IS IMPORTANT 

  • EXPANSION OF NETWORK TO LEARN ABOUT NEW OPPORTUNITIES 

  • WORKPLACE SHOULD BE ENJOYABLE 



  • GAINING FEEDBACK AND REFERENCE FROM PEOPLE 

EXAMPLES OF SOCIAL SKILLS 

  • EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION 

  • CONFLICT RESOLUTION 



  • ACTIVE LISTENER 

  • EMPATHY 

  • RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT 

  • RESPECT

HOW TO IMPROVE  Improvisation can be attained by following certain aspects such as 

  • GAINING FEEDBACK 

  • SETTING AIMS AND GOALS 

  • FINDING RESOURCES 



  • IDENTIFYING AREAS OF PRACTICE


Image Source: Google Researchers from Penn State and Duke University reflected in their study that children lacking social and emotional skills were more prone to abuse issues, relationship abuse, legal trouble, etc and also dependent on public assistance but the good aspect is social skills can be taught through several ways such as sharing, cooperating, listening, following directions, respect towards personal space, having eye contact, learning and usage of manners. WAYS TO IMPROVE SOCIAL SKILLS 

  • BEHAVE LIKE A SOCIAL PERSON 

  • STARTING SMALL IF IT’S REQUIRED 



  • ASKING OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS 

  • ENCOURAGEMENT TOWARDS OTHERS SO THAT THEY CAN SPEAK UP 

  • CREATION OF GOALS FOR ONE’S OWN SELF 

  • OFFERING COMPLIMENTS 

  • BEING AWARE OF SOCIAL SKILLS BY READING BOOKS 



  • PRACTISING GOOD MANNERS 

  • PAYING HEED TO ONE’S OWN BODY LANGUAGE 

  • JOINING SOCIAL SKILLS SUPPORT GROUPS 

  • KEEPING UPDATED ON CURRENT AFFAIRS AND EVENTS 

  • IDENTIFYING AND REPLACING PESSIMISTIC VIEWPOINTS 


HOW CAN ONE IDENTIFY A CHILDREN WITH SOCIAL SKILLS DEFICIT?

  • BEHAVIOUR 

  • SENSORY PROCESSING 

  • COMPLETION OF ACADEMIC WORK 



  • UNDERSTANDING OF LANGUAGE 

  • USAGE OR EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE 

  • ARTICULATION 

  • FLUENCY 

  • VOICE 



  • SELF REGULATION 

  • EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING 

ACTIVITIES THAT CAN IMPROVISE ONE’S SOCIAL SKILLS 

  • VISUALS 



  • ROLE PLAY 

  • SINGING SONGS

  • MASKS

  • TAKING TURN 

  • GAMES 



  • BEAN BAG CONVERSATION 

  • WATCHING AND COMMENTING 

REFERENCES: 

https://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/social-skills.html

https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/social-skills

https://www.verywellfamily.com/seven-social-skills-for-kids-4589865

https://www.lifehack.org/articles/communication/12-ways-improve-social-skills-and-make-you-sociable-anytime.html

https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/play-and-social-skills/social-skills/

https://www.masters-in-special-education.com/lists/5-types-of-social-skills-deficit/

https://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/7203280

https://www.anxietycanada.com/articles/effective-communication-improving-your-social-skills/

https://www.inc.com/quora/10-simple-habits-that-will-noticeably-improve-your-social-skills.html


https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_skills

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